Tracy Chevalier

Honor Bright

This is how I imagine the main character, a young English Quaker who emigrates to America in 1850.

Oberlin, Ohio

This town was a major stop on the Underground Railroad. Always a radical place, Oberlin College was the first to admit women and African Americans.

The Sick Room

Many 19th-century American houses had “sick rooms” off the kitchen because someone often had a fever and needed tending. This one is at Hale’s Farm, Ohio.

Desperate measures for desperate times

Henry "Box" Brown was a slave who mailed himself to freedom.

Tracy’s quilt

In researching the novel, I learned how to quilt the way my heroine would have, and made this all by hand.

Quakers have no formal creed.

Their unity is based on shared understanding of the "Inner Light" in each person and a shared practice of silent worship.

The Underground Railroad

For as long as there were slaves in the United States, there were runaways trying to escape, either to Northern states or to Canada. From the early 1800s a loose network grew of people sympathetic to runaways. Free African Americans and white abolitionists began helping fugitive slaves flee north, hiding and feeding and transporting them. This network became known as the Underground Railroad.

rewardThe origin of the phrase is uncertain, but the most repeated story is that of a southern owner pursuing his slave in 1831. The runaway crossed the Ohio River between Kentucky and Ohio and disappeared, and the owner apparently said, “He must have gone off on an underground road.” Whatever its origins, by the 1840s the phrase Underground Railroad was commonly used. Indeed, people helping runaways began using railroad terminology, calling themselves conductors and stationmasters, their houses depots or stations, their charges passengers.

Recent scholars estimate around 30,000 slaves escaped using the Underground Railroad. By 1860, just prior to the Civil War that finally ended slavery, there was a population of 3.9 million slaves. The Underground Railroad was less significant than we might hope.

However, it was perhaps more effective as an aggravation rather than as a means of escape. Its existence enraged slave owners, undermining their power, making them nervous about keeping their “property” intact, and forcing them to spend time and money pursuing those who did flee. It also gave hope to slaves continuing to live in misery.

This map show the Underground Railroad routes through Ohio:

besturmapsmall

 

Article on the Underground Railroad in Ohio...

 

 

The Last Runaway